Conformity and Obedience
The desire to be acknowledged and are part of a group is an undeniable human need. Yet how does this kind of need have an effect on an individual? Sociable psychologists possess conducted many experiments and concluded that, through various varieties of social influence, groups can alter their members' thoughts, emotions, and patterns. In her essay " Group Heads, " Doris Lessing examines our paradoxical ability to phone ourselves individuals and the inability to realize that groups define and influence all of us. We, since humans, carry individualism in the highest respect yet fail to realize that teams diminish each of our individuality. Lessing writes, " when we're in a group, we tend to think as that group does... but all of us also find our pondering changing since we belong to a group" (p. 334). Groups have tendency to create norms, or standards for behavior in some situations. Certainly not following these kinds of norms will make you stand out and, therefore , groupings have the ability to affect our thoughts and actions in ways which might be consistent with the groups'. Lessing's composition helps arranged the framework to understand the experiments that social psychologists Solomon Asch, Stanley Milgram and Philip Zimbardo carried out to explain conformity and behavior. Solomon Asch's experiment in " Opinions and Social Pressure" researched a subject's ability to produce to social pressure once placed within a group of unknown people. His analysis helped illustrate how teams encourage conformity. During a normal experiment, members of the group were asked by experimenter to claim two evident mismatched lines were similar. The single individual who was not aware of this information was the focal point in the experiment. A dozen out of eighteen occasions the unsuspicious individual travelled along with the vast majority, dispelling his beliefs in support of the opinions of the group. So why did an interest conform in two-thirds from the tests? Affect causes all of us to think and act in manners that are...
Reported: Asch, Solomon. " Viewpoints and Interpersonal Pressure. " In L. Behrens & L. T. Rosen (Eds). Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. (pp. 336-342). Nyc: Longman Press.
Lessing, Doris. " Group Brains. " In L. Behrens & T. J. Rosen (Eds). Producing and Browsing Across the Programs. (pp. 333-335). New York: Longman Press.
Milgram, Stanley. " The Perils of Obedience. " In L. Behrens & T. J. Rosen (Eds). Composing and Studying Across the Programs. (pp. 343-355). New York: Longman Press.
Zimbardo, Philip. " The Stanford Prison Test. " In L. Behrens & M. J. Rosen (Eds). Writing and Examining Across the Subjects. (pp. 363-375). New York: Longman Press.