Chapter 12-15: The Politics of Sectionalism, 1846-1861
My spouse and i. Slavery inside the Territories
A. The Wilmot Proviso
The Wilmot Proviso said that virtually any territory ceded from Mexico would be sealed to slavery; David Wilmot hoped to gain northern support; infuriated the South. The proviso sowed distrust and suspicion between your North and South.
N. The Election of 1848
Democrats and Whigs wished to avoid the sectionalism issue; Democrats nominated Lewis Cass who also held the idea of popular sovereignty, and Whigs nominated Zachary Taylor, a war main character who had zero previous tendency in politics. Taylor's qualifications upset Conscience Whigs (anti-slavery) > Free-Soil Party. The Free-Soil Party nominated Truck Buren; no matter, Taylor earned.
C. The Compromise of 1850
The discovery of gold in Cali led Forty-Niners towards the territory; conflict between black/white settlers triggered the composing of a condition constitution to keep blacks out. If Our elected representatives accepted Cali's request for statehood, it would get into as a totally free state. Quarrels grew between your North and South; Taylor's opinion around the matter was ambiguous; he believed the pending states should decide automatically. Henry Clay proposed that Cali become admitted like a free condition, New Mexico and Utah decide for themselves, the servant trade become ended in the District of Columbia, and a new fugitive slave rules be handed; Senate refused the bargain. Taylor passed away; Millard Fillmore took his place.
The state of illinois senator Sophie A. Douglas kept Clay's ideas with your life, breaking them into smaller sized pieces that were soon handed > Bargain of 1850. The Fugitive Slave Action split the North and South a lot more; black Northerners formed associations to protect one another and get rid of recapture. Countrywide Black Convention, 1853, established a national council of black market leaders to address problems of political and city rights; short-lived; blacks battled for their legal rights. Slaveholders in the South discovered increasing level of resistance during the 1850s.
D. Respond to the Meandering Slave Take action
National Dark Convention: Founded a countrywide council of black market leaders to address issues of politics and civil rights. Led by Fredrick Douglas.
E. Uncle Tom's Cabin
Dad Tom's Cabin, written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, moved northerners to actions. What initial drew her to the subject matter of captivity was her concern about its effect on family inside the South; the Fugitive Servant Act projected slavery being a major target to her. Stowe meant to personalize slavery so it wouldn't always be so fuzy to the North. Southerners found the book as a sit; Northerners continued to be blind to segregation at home.
F. The Election of 1852
The Compromise of 1850 divided Whigs who have nominated Winfield Scott; Democrats remained united, nominating. Franklin Pierce (won) who hailed from Young America.
Voters were losing hope in their party's ability to govern.
II. Personal Realignment
A. Young Many Foreign Misadventures
In 1854, 3 American diplomats fulfilled in Athens to discuss Cuba > Ostend Manifesto, created to obtain Tanque; caused an uproar since they did not have admin. 's consent. William Master invaded Mexican-owned Baja Cali and announced a republic; Mexican authorities tossed him out; this individual gained charge of Nicaragua after a war and proclaimed himself president; Nicaragua kicked him out. Proslavery overtones of the Cuban fiasco and Walker's exploits perfected sectionalism. Douglas developed a project for the development of a transcontinental railroad plus the settling in the land.
W. Stephen Douglas's Railroad Proposal
The train would be a personal gain to Douglas and tie the East to the West. Douglas planned a trans. Course extending westward from Chicago through Nebraska; Indians in this area had been forced to approach, but southerners still defeated his proposal.
C. The Kansas вЂ“ Nebraska Activation
Douglas published a new bill to make Kansas a slave state and Nebraska a free of charge state, which repealed the Missouri Bargain and furious Northerners. Touch...