single-parenting Article

The Hilltop Assessment

Volume your five

Issue 1 Fall 2011

Article 4

2-24-2012

Educational Achievement of youngsters in Sole

Parent Homes: A Critical Assessment

Mark S. Barajas

European Michigan School, mark. h. [email protected] edu

Follow this kind of and additional functions at: http://scholarworks.wmich.edu/hilltopreview Part of the Education Commons

Suggested Citation

Barajas, Mark T. (2011) " Academic Achievement of Children in Single Parent or guardian Homes: A Critical Review, " The Hilltop Review: Volume. 5: Iss. 1, Article 4.

Available at: http://scholarworks.wmich.edu/hilltopreview/vol5/iss1/4

This Article is brought to you free of charge and open up access by ScholarWorks for WMU. It has been accepted to get inclusion inside the Hilltop Review by an official administrator of ScholarWorks at WMU. For additional information, please speak to maira. [email protected] edu.

13

ACADEMIC ACCOMPLISHMENT OF CHILDREN IN SINGLE

FATHER OR MOTHER HOMES: A MAJOR REVIEW

By Mark S. Barajas

Office of Counselor Education and Counseling Psychology

mark. s. [email protected] edu

In the United States, practically half of almost all children simply by age 12-15 will have lived in a singleparent family (Andersson, 2002). The percentage of single-parent families provides tripled during the past 50 years and has continued to be larger between Latino and African American households when compared to the basic population (US Census, 2010). In 2k, 27% coming from all U. H. children had been living in single-parent families; between African American kids, 53% were living with only one parent (Sigle-Rushton & McLanahan, 2004). Almost all these single-parent homes are headed by simply women. DeBell (2008) reported that single-father homes represent only seven percent of the total single-parent homes in the country. Various authors have got documented distinctions between children raised in father-absent (FA) and father-present (FP) homes (Balcom 1998; Biller 70; Chapman, 1977; Daniels, 1986; Downey, year 1994; Downey, Ainsworth-Darnell, & Durfur, 1998; Fry & Scher, 1984; Milne, Rosenthal & Ginsburg, 1986). Research has proven that FA children graduate from high school and attend school at a reduced rate (Sigle-Rushton & McLanahan, 2004), conduct worse on standardized tests (Bain, Boersma, & Chapman, 1983), and they are more likely to work with drugs (Mandara & Murry, 2006) than patients from FP homes. Studies have also proven that growing up without a father seems to have a greater bad effect on males as compared to young ladies (Mandara & Murry; Sigle-Rushton & McLanahan, 2004).

A couple of researchers have focused on resiliency (Hunter & Chandler, 99; Rutter, 1990) and the advantages of sole parent (SP) homes (Amato, 1987; Hanson, 1986; Murry, Bynumm, Brody, Willert, & Stephens, 2001; Richards & Schmiege, 1993; Shaw, 1991). Hurtes and Allen (2001) created a size for testing resiliency in youth and identified characteristics in SP homes the place that the children attain academic accomplishment. For many years, advocates have suggested a greater focus on strength primarily based research of families of all kinds (for a review see Giblin, 1996).

Despite calls for the emphasis on learning about strengths, nearly all research regarding single parenthood has focused on the down sides faced simply by children raised in the absence of their daddy. However , understanding the disadvantages centers only about half of the issue: the other half is to understand the strengths and resiliency factors exhibited by children increased in a FA home. Though children elevated in a home where a father exists graduate from high school graduation and go to college in much higher prices than children increased in a fatherless home, nearly 70% of youngsters from FA homes carry out graduate from senior high school and fifty percent of them go to college (Sigle-Rushton & McLanahan, 2004). There exists a great requirement of research centering on the talents of these academics achievers from FA homes. This newspaper will sum it up current analysis, discuss difficulties with that physique of work, and suggest areas for further examine. Most of the research reviewed are from the earlier...

References: Amato, P. R. (1987). Family members processes in one-parent, stepparent, and intact families: The

child's standpoint

Andersson, G. (2002). Children's experience of family disruption and family creation: Evidence from 16 FFS countries. Demographic Research, 7(7), 343-364.

Balcom, D. (1998). Absent fathers: Effects about abandoned kids. Journal of Men's Studies, 6(3),

283-290.

Biller, They would. (1970). Father absence and the personality progress the male child. Developmental Psychology, 2(2), 181-201.

Chapman, Meters. (1977). Daddy absence, stepfathers, and the intellectual performance of college

students

Daniels, S. (1986). Relationship of employment status to mental health and relatives variables in

Black males from single-parent families

DeBell, M. (2008). Children living without all their fathers: Inhabitants estimates and indicators

of educational wellbeing

Downey, M. (1994). The college performance of kids from single-mother and single-father

families: Financial or interpersonal deprivation? Journal of Family Issues, 15, 129147.

Robert downey, D., Ainsworth-Darnell, J., & Dufur, Meters. (1998) Love-making of mother or father and kids well

staying in single-parent households

Smolder, P. S i9000., & Scher, A. (1984). The effects of daddy absence about children's success motivation, ego-strength, and locus-of-control orientation: A five-year longitudinal assessment. English Journal of Developmental Mindset, 2, 167-178.

Furstenberg, Farrenheit., Morgan, H., & Allison, P. (1987). Paternal engagement and little one's wellbeing following marital knell. American Sociological Review, 52, 695-701.

Giblin, P. (1996). Family strengths. The Family Journal, 5, 339-346.

Hanson, S. (1986). Healthy single parent families. Family Contact, 35, 125-132.

Hetherington, Elizabeth., Camara, T., & Featherman, D. (1983). Achievement and intellectual performing of children in one-parent homeowners. In J. Spence. (Ed. ), Achievements and

achievement motives: Psychological and sociological approaches (pp

Hunter, A., & Chandler, G. (1999). Adolescent resilience. Image: Log of Medical Scholarship, 23, 243-247.

Hurtes, K., & Allen, L. (2001). Calculating resiliency in youth: The Resiliency Perceptions and

Skills Profile

Betty, H-J. (2004) Family resources and little one's academic overall performance. Children and Youth

Services Review, 26, 529-536.

Krein, S., & Beller, A. (1988). Educational attainment of children from single-parent families:

Dissimilarities by publicity, gender, and race

Mandara, J., & Murray, C. (2006). Dad's absence and African American teenagers drug

employ

Marsiglio, W., Amato, G., Day, R., & Lamb, M. (2000) Scholarship about fatherhood in the

1990's and beyond

McLanahan, S., & Sandefur, G. (1994). Growing up with just one parent: What helps, what

hurts

Milne, A., Myers, D., Rosenthal, A., & Ginsburg, A. (1986) One parents, functioning mothers,

plus the educational accomplishment of school kids

Mulkey, M., Crain, L., & Harrington, A. (1992). One-parent homeowners and achievements:

Economic and behavioral explanations of a tiny effect

Murry, V., Bynumm, M., Brody, G., Willert, A., & Stephens, G. (2001). Black

The Hilltop Review, Land 2011

Otto, H. (1963). Criteria for assessing family members strengths. Family Relations, a couple of, 329-338.

Pong, S-L., Dronkers, J., & Hampden-Thompson, G. (2003). Family policies and children's

institution achievement in single– compared to two-parent people

Popenoe, M. (1996). Life without dad. New York: Cost-free Press.

Richards, L., & Schmiege, C. (1993). Challenges and advantages of single-parent families: Significance for practice and plan. Family Relationships, 42, 277-285.

Rutter, M. (1990). Psychological resilience and protective components. In L. Rolf, A. S. Matsen,

D

Shaw, S. (1991). The conflicting experiences of lone parenthood. In Meters. Hardey & G. Crow

(Eds. ), Lone parenthood (pp

Sigle-Rushton, W., & McLanahan, H. (2004). Dad absence and child health and wellness: A critical

assessment

Teachman, M. (1987). Friends and family background, educational resources, and academic attainment.

Toth, J., & Xiaohe, Times. (1999). Cultural and cultural diversity in father's engagement: A racial/

ethnic a comparison of African American, Hispanic, and White fathers

US Census. (2010). Demographic Profile. United States Govt.

Van Laar, C., & Sidanius, T. (2001). Sociable status plus the academic achievements gap: A social

dominance perspective



Balancing School and Interpersonal Life Essay

Related

Category

News